Los amigos de los niños y niñas rechazados. Un análisis de la similitud conductual.

  1. Muñoz-Tinoco, Victoria
  2. Jiménez Lagares, Irene
  3. García Bacete, Francisco J.
  4. Marande Perrin, Ghisialne
  5. Martín Antón, Luis J.
International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology: INFAD. Revista de Psicología

ISSN: 0214-9877

Year of publication: 2014


Volume: 6

Issue: 1

Pages: 175-182

Type: Article

DOI: 10.17060/IJODAEP.2014.N1.V6.731 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology: INFAD. Revista de Psicología


This work carries out a first approach to analyzing the relations of reciprocal friendship of children in situations of rejection at the beginning of primary education. The focus is to verify the hypothesis of behavioral similarity among friends, by contrasting a sample of 111 sociometrical average children with 111 rejected children. The variables of social behavior that are used to study the behavioral similarity are social skills, direct aggression, social aggression, hyperactivity and withdrawal. Nearly a third of the rejected children have no one single mutual friendship. The scores of the friends of the rejected children are lower at social skills and higher at all the behavioral difficulties. Among the average children used for the comparison, some correlations between one’s own behavior and that of friends were also found, but not in all the variables. There is a significant correlation between the negative social behavior of the rejected children and that of their friends. The hypothesis of behavioral homophily is verified, but not the second stated hypothesis which refers to a greater behavioral similarity between the rejected children and their friends.

Bibliographic References

  • Adams, R. E., W. M. Bukowski, y cols. (2005). Stability of aggression durin early adolescence as moderated by reciprocated friendship status and friend’s aggression. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 29(2): 139-145.
  • Bagwell, C. L. y J. D. Coie (2004). The best friendships of aggressive boys: Relationship quality, conflict management, and rule-breaking behavior. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 88(1): 5-24.
  • Cairns, R. B., B. D. Cairns, y cols. (1988). Social networks and aggressive behavior: Peer support or peer rejection? Developmental Psychology, 24(6): 815-823.
  • Gest, S. D. (2006). Teacher reports of children`s friendships and social groups: agreement with peer reports and implications for studying peer similarity. Social Development, 15(2): 248-259.
  • González, J. y García Bacete, F. J. (2010). SOCIOMET. Programa para la realización de estudios sociométricos. Madrid: TEA Ediciones.
  • Hamm, J. V. (2000). Do birds of a feather flock together? The variable bases for african american, asian american, and european american adolescents`selection of similar friends. Developmental
  • Psychology, 36(2): 209-219.
  • Haselager, G. J. T., W. W. Hartup, y cols. (1998). Similarities between friends and nonfriends in middle childhood. Child Development, 69(4): 1198-2008.
  • May, K. y Hittner, J. B. (1997). Test for comparing dependent correlations revisited: a Monte Carlo study. The Journal of Experimental Education, 65(3), 257-269.
  • Poulin, F., A. H. N. Cillessen, y cols, (1997). Children’s friends and behavioral similarity in two social contexts. Social Development, 6(2): 225-237.
  • Preacher, K. J. (2002, May). Calculation for the test of the difference between two independent correlation coefficients [Computer software]. Disponible en: http://quantpsy.org.