Riesgo vascular en enfermedades endocrinológicas distintas a la diabetes

  1. Isabel Antequera 1
  2. José I. Cuende 2
  3. Jerónimo Nieto López-Guerrero 3
  1. 1 Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Victoria, Málaga
  2. 2 Servicio de Medicina Interna, Complejo Asistencial Universitario de Palencia
  3. 3 Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital de Cantoblanco, Madrid
Clínica e investigación en arteriosclerosis

ISSN: 0214-9168 1578-1879

Year of publication: 2016

Volume: 28

Issue: 4

Pages: 197-201

Type: Article

More publications in: Clínica e investigación en arteriosclerosis


Endocrinological diseases directly affect the cardiovascular system. The deleterious effects on cardiovascular function can be direct, and linked to the increase or reduction of circulating hormones. Equally, the adverse effects may be indirect; for example following the rise in blood pressure, increase or redistribution of lean mass, or increased plasma lipoproteins. The best health care and the increasing availability of biochemical tests lead to the diagnosis of many endocrine diseases before the onset of clinical signs. This review will focus on presenting evidence of cardiovascular functional or structural impairment in cases of primary hyperparathyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, and hypothyroidism in their sub-clinical forms, as well as the reversibility of complications after appropriate treatment.