Molecular aggregation of thiols and alcoholsstudy of non-covalent interactions by microwave spectroscopy

  1. Marcos Juanes San José
Supervised by:
  1. Ruth Pinacho Gómez Director
  2. Alberto Lesarri Lopez Director

Defence university: Universidad de Valladolid

Fecha de defensa: 02 September 2021

  1. Jens-Uwe Grabow Chair
  2. José Andrés Fernández González Secretary
  3. Pascal Dréan Committee member
  1. Electricity and Electronics

Type: Thesis

Teseo: 671580 DIALNET lock_openTESEO editor


The study and understanding of non-covalent interactions at molecular level is a field in continuous development and essential to determine the structural behavior of many molecules of chemical, technological or biological interest. In this PhD thesis, the intermolecular interactions involved in the formation of neutral molecular aggregates, both dimers and microsolvation products, have been analyzed in the gas phase. The intermolecular complexes were generated by pulsed supersonic expansions, and later characterized by rotational spectroscopy. This work has used two spectroscopic techniques, including a Balle-Flygare Fourier-Transform Microwave (FTMW) spectrometer in the 8-20 GHz frequency range, and a broadband Chirped-Pulse Fourier Transform Microwave (CP-FTMW) spectrometer covering the 2-8GHz spectral range. The intermolecular complexes studied have included molecules with alcohol and / or thiol groups, in order to analyze the differences between the intermolecular interactions involving oxygen or sulfur atoms, especially hydrogen bonds. Molecules that comprise both aliphatic (cyclohexanol) and aromatic (furfuryl alcohol, furfuryl mercaptan, thenyl alcohol, thenyl mercaptan) ring systems have been studied. The analyzed hydrogen bonds included especially O-H···O, O-H···S and S-H···S interactions. The formation of intermolecular complexes has revealed a great conformational diversity in some of them, such as the observation of six isomers of the cyclohexanol dimer. With regard to the monohydrates, tunnelling splittings associated with internal large amplitude motions have been observed in some cases, such as the rotation of the water molecule in the monohydrates of cyclohexanol, thenyl alcohol and thenyl mercaptan. In the case of chiral molecules, dimerization has made it possible to observe the relative stability of homo- or heterochiral diastereoisomers. The experimental study has been supported by different theoretical molecular orbital calculations, in particular Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations, in order to characterize the interactions structurally, energetically and by a topological analysis of electron density. The set of experimental and theoretical data will advance the existing information on hydrogen bonds involving sulfur atoms, generally scarcely studied, and their comparison with the oxygenated analogues.